You may not know it but printed circuit boards, commonly called PCBs, are everywhere – from toys to weapons of war. A small electronic circuit even runs that musical greeting card.
PCBs are not really modern inventions even though their current applications are on high tech electronic gadgets and devices. The concept of using flat foils as electric signal conductors laminated to an insulated board has been floating around since 1903 and was described by Albert Hanson, a German inventor, in one of his papers.
Thomas Edison picked up on the idea in 1904 and began experimenting on plating copper onto paper. Henry and George Elkington were the first ones granted a patent on electroplating methods used to plate circuit patterns. These great inventors paved the way to the modern methods of printed circuit board production.
- The mid-1950s saw the popularity boom of printed circuit boards when the US Army developed the Auto-Semby
- Why are most PCBs green? Because most of them use epoxy as substrate material which is green in color. Earlier PCBs are brown due to the material called Bakelite. But the final color of the printed circuit board’s surface depends on the solder mask that is applied in the final steps of the production.
- A board that only contains copper tracks with no electronic components, like resistors and capacitors, is called a printed wiring board or PWB.
- The common PCB materials used are: BT-epoxy; conductive ink; cyanate ester; CEM-1,5 or composite epoxy material; FR-4 (most common substrate, FR-2, PTFE or Teflon, and polyimide.
- When the electronic components have been placed in the PCB, it’s now called a printed circuit assembly or PCA.
- CT Scans are not just for diagnosing sickness of humans. Industrial CT Scan machines are used in testing PCBs. They generate 3D and 2D images of the board, detailing the connections and the soldered paths. This is useful for detecting design and manufacturing problems.
- When printed circuit boards are to be used in harsh environments, protective coatings are applied by spraying or dipping after the electronic components have been stamped or soldered. This will protect the board as well as the components from leakage, corrosion, and short circuit due to condensation and humidity. The downside is that the process makes repairing very difficult and, in most cases, even impossible.
- The use of antistatic bags when transporting PCBs is highly recommended. Static electricity can cause a lot of damage on PCBs. This is especially true with PCBs that have very fine conductive traces. A static charge can easily zap an etch on the board.
- There are three major types of printed circuit boards – the single-sided board has foil patterns only on one side and is used for simple circuits; the double-sided board has foil patterns on both sides and is used for more complex circuits; the multi-layered board features multiple layers of copper foil patterns sandwiched together for use in very complex electronics design.
- The 1960s saw the birth of surface mount technology but it was only in the 1980s did it become really popular. As to be expected, automation led to increased production and reduced cost of labor.
- Flexible printed circuit boards are currently replacing their rigid siblings in the electronics industry. It is possible, though, to have a combination of rigid and flexible boards.
Without a doubt, circuit boards can be found almost everywhere nowadays. They are designed to function for a long time, as long as they are protected from the elements and extreme environmental conditions like those involving heat and humidity.
Have you ever seen a company visit a place and hand out free gifts to the people that are listening to them talk about their services? Health care events tend to do this, as do recruiters for colleges and even the armed forces. Usually, there is a list of items that is always handed out to the people that are in attendance. These include pens, notepads, magnets, and lanyards. ID lanyards are becoming a very popular tool for marketing today, and are often used by companies to get their name out there and make people remember them.
You have probably at some point been to some sort of seminar or meeting with a recruiter in your life. Most people have sat through at least one of these events at some point. The individuals representing their company, whatever it may be, come to you, tell you about what they do, and offer you free items in order to remember them. Most have their phrases and phone numbers on them. This is an action to help you remember the seminar and in hopes of getting you to give them a call and take advantage of whatever they are offering to you.
ID lanyards are becoming one of the most popular choices for this type of action because they will be used for a long time and will not be lost. People always love the convenience of this item because they can put keys and important cards right around their neck, allowing them to access them at a moment’s notice, which is beneficial for many people for many different reasons. People will use one of these if they are given one and not throw it away like some of the other items they may be given at such a seminar.
The lanyards that are given out are usually fairly inexpensive gifts to give to people, and cost a lot less than other forms of marketing. The companies buy them and get them printed in bulk, then hand them out. They often gain customers or recruits using this method, depending on what they offer at the seminar. If they do not gain a recruit or a customer, there is not much of a loss on this form of advertising at all, and the attendant has a great new lanyard to use for their keys, which most commonly happens.
Companies can print these accessories very easily as well, so there is not much effort put in by the company to get them out to you at all. This makes this particular form of marketing that much easier. It is a no-brainer for companies to take advantage of this form of marketing and hand these out at seminars to people, so many have already jumped on this bandwagon and begun to get these printed with their logos on them.
If you have seen someone else walking around with a lanyard that has a company name on it, there is a chance that they got the lanyard at a seminar from the company that wanted to do a little marketing by handing out some free items. Many companies have taken advantage of an easy sales opportunity that has almost no downfalls and printed ID lanyards with their logos on them to hand out to people. Many recruiters do this as well. It is an easy form of marketing that is very affordable. And, if the marketing does not work, not only is the company not out a lot of money on these great little accessories, the individual has a brand new ID lanyard to enjoy for nothing at all.
An employee engagement survey can bring a lot of good to a company. When the results are seriously studied and necessary actions are done afterwards, it can improve relations between the people that comprise the organization, increase the level of dedication of employees towards their jobs, propel productivity, and most of all, enable a company to keep in its employ its team of creative, driven, and highly skilled workers. In other words, conducting an employee engagement survey and acting on its results can spell the success of an organization.
here is one bit of problem though. Some managers never get to the part of discussing the result with the employees nor do they work on a project or task that will address the complaints. As a result, workers will start to question why a survey was even made in the first place if no action will be done. Disappointment can further aggravate their already-low trust on the management. The objective of the survey is to improve employee engagement and for that to happen, the following steps must be done after the survey:
Whether the survey was conducted internally by the Human Resources department or by a third-party provider, the results must be interpreted and reported right away to the management. Any delays will only lessen the relevance of the results. Furthermore, inability to collate the answers and present them in a statistical report will make things hard to measure. Areas that need to be improved will be immediately identified and recognized if the results are given in an orderly graph or chart.
Discussing the results with the employee is considered the impediment because some managers often brush this off or postpone it, either because they see it as unimportant or they are avoiding a situation that may become stressful and emotional. This may be a challenging step but it is no doubt important. Managers can understand fully the extent of the grievances of their employees if they discuss these in detail. Any information that may arise during these talks will further help them in going to the next step.
Create an Action Plan
In this step, the manager and his subordinate should tackle each issue and plan on a solution. If the issue involves everyone in the team or department, then the group can collectively decide on a plan of action. Several steps may be involved here, like brainstorming on a solution, making a timeline for the implementation, identifying who should be involved, and providing resources for the action plan. It is hard to give a general action plan because the solution for individual issues is highly dependent on its nature and the strengths and weaknesses of those involved. What matters is the faster an action is done on a complaint or a problem area, the less trouble it will cause and the faster employee engagement will be improved.
Gauge the Success of Efforts
Once the action plan is implemented, it must be checked regularly if it is maintained. Those involved may act passionately about the solution only at the beginning and eventually lose interest, especially if they are not encouraged to pursue it. The manager may take it upon himself to take charge of auditing the result of the action plan from time to time, until a new employee engagement survey is scheduled. That new survey can give a more measurable report of how the actions made have affected employee engagement. Was it a success or not? If there were improvements, are they satisfying or mediocre? Depending on the result of the more recent employee engagement survey, the management and the staff members must meet again and act accordingly to address old and new issues.
Basically, employee engagement is a continuous process. In fact, it is advised that companies conduct a survey once a year to be regularly updated of the status of their employees’ satisfaction and engagement. Doing it this frequently can also help the company address minor problems before they become unmanageable.
Military coins ceased to be coins for the exclusive use and collection of men in the military. Right now, it is possible for civilians to acquire a military coin or challenge coin in more ways than one.
Collecting challenge coins is becoming a favorite pastime. Challenge coin enthusiasts want to study the coins. Each military coin has a story. It may be the story of the one who gave it or the one who received it.
Challenge coins are also used to acquire a sum of money. Designers and producers of these unique coins thrive. A collector or keeper may also put his military coins for sale. Collectors selling their prized collections are rare. They may only put them for sale if they are in great need. Another possible reason is that they have two or more similar coins.
If you are a collector or starting to collect, it is a good idea to get your first coin from a fellow enthusiast. Prepare your money as you will purchase a challenge coin. Aside from the coin, you may also have a chance to talk to the collector and ask him about the coin and more.
Always remember that collecting challenge coins also works like networking. The more fellow collectors you know will mean an increased chance of getting rare challenge coins. It is also a great market in case you want to trade or sell your challenge coins.
So how will you find your fellow challenge coin collectors? This is when Facebook, Twitter and other social networking sites play a vital role. In addition, there are several online forums dedicated for military coins.
Aside from looking for people who have the same interest as yours, it is also good to look for events related to challenge coins. There are exhibits you can attend. In exhibits, you may get to know the history of your coins. You can also find more coins that you may want to add to your collection.
Another event that you need to look forward to is trading events of challenge coins. These events are infrequently held. That is why most collectors seize every chance they get. Collectors may come from all over the country or even abroad.
In trading events, a military coin may be exchange with a military coin. In case the military coin is rarer or of higher value, an additional payment may be asked. Trading events also feature collections for display alone. You will learn about different coins, their features, origins and symbolisms as well.
Designers and manufacturers of customized military coins also grace trading events. They may even be the one organizing the event. Trading events is an avenue for them to sell their brand.
It’s also an option to buy customized challenge coins. Nowadays, you can even get your customized coin within the day you ordered it. Producers of challenge coins can provide you not just customized coins but a replica of other challenge coins as well. This will save you the time of finding the coin you want. It may also save you money, particularly in terms of the travel costs involved when getting a particular challenge coin.
In finding and collecting challenge coins, you need to remind yourself regarding the reason for your hobby. Is it because of your father or grandfather who served the army? If yes, there’s a chance they will hand their collections to you.
Retired military men may also be sought for military coins. But just like you, they value their collections. When you ask for their collections, make a promise of taking care of their coins and do it sincerely.
Many people use holders to help them carry small items. Some people also use holders to carry important items that need to be seen at all times. Some examples of these items are Universal Serial Bus flash drives, identification cards, whistles, keys and key chains, ball pens, wallets, and many other items.
One type of holder for these important items is an ID lace. These laces are lanyard laces. ID Lanyards are cords or straps that are passed or worn around the neck, wrist, or shoulder for carrying special or important items like badges of keys. It is especially used and worn to reduce the risk of losing items. These are also used to keep important items visible and seen at all times.
However, lanyards can also be used for other purposes. As an alternative, there are length of cords or wires with metal hooks at the end used to fire an engine of war that needs stored energy to project farther than the range of owned weapons. They are also used in an air dropped bomb to arm its fuse mechanism by pulling out the cotter pin when the bomb leaves the aircraft.
Lanyards also have some uses on ships. Its purpose may be similar to a rigging, an apparatus of ropes and cables and chains attached to the hull for the ship or boat to be able to move as a whole, used for lifting or lowering down things.
Lanyards were first used to connect pistols, whistles, or swords in the French military. These were used in some instances and events wherein there is a large percentage or chance that an object might be lost. These were commonly used by officers in wars and by the officers at sea. There were also pistol lanyards.
After some time, ID Lanyards became fashionable items. Some lanyards have colorful combinations and loop patterns usually worn on the uniform of militaries right on their shoulders to classify the qualification or regiment affiliation of the wearer. In the British Royal Artillery, lanyards were originally worn to hold keys that are being used to adjust the fuses of explosive shells.
Lanyards can be made from different types of materials. Their styles and designs depend on where and for what purpose it will be used. The materials being used to produce a lanyard include nylon, silk, polyester, braided leather, braided par cord, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or satin.
ID Lanyards, aside from being used to carry keys and identification cards, are also being used as accessory holders for electronic devices. These are small electronic devices that need laces or holders to prevent loss. Some examples of these devices are MP3 players, cameras, cell phones, iPods, and USB flash drives. These devices, especially cell phones, have small holes purposely built on its corner or edge for the thread of the lanyard to fit in to. The thread is supposed to be looped on the small hole and tied into a simple but secure knot to prevent the attached object from falling.
Some earphones and headphones uses lanyard cords as well. The wrist strap of the Wii remote is one type of lanyard. Its purpose is to keep the remote attached to the arm of the player to prevent in from falling during the events where it is being used in games involving vigorous movements.
As mentioned in the first part, ID Lanyards are also used in identification cards. These lanyard laces are used to display badges for identification especially when it is required in the security checking in schools, offices, or in other public places where identification is involved.
Moreover, lanyards are cords or wires used for the safety of carrying objects or holding ships as a whole.
Right now you are going to be facing a great deal of competition online. If you have a website, blog, or any form of intangible media on the internet, you’re going to have to compete with millions upon millions of people that are doing exactly what you’re doing, building leverage to their site through a variety of means. The most common element of gaining attention may be the hardest and that’s ny seoexplode. Search engine optimization used to be simple and easy to start working with, but now, it’s more complicated than ever. If you don’t have a team behind you building collateral to market your site, you’re going to end up having to deal with a lot of different issues, and perhaps even see your traffic diminish over time. It’s not a simple thing to move forward with, even though there are some that end up seeing a nice push forward through a variety of different means. If you want to get yourself into the framework of a lot of traffic, and you want that to be targeted, distinct, and overwhelmingly in your favor, you’re going to have to look at a few ideas that can help you get there.
Before you start on a quest to get attention online, make sure that you’re ready to get an influx of traffic to your page. Most people assume that they can sustain popularity, but it’s not simple at all. In fact, you’re going to end up dealing with a variety of elements that are going to end up pushing you in a very unique direction. Creating a great deal of leverage overall is definitely well worth exploring, especially when you’re going to end up moving through a variety of different elements that are going to give you a platform of marketing credibility.
The following are just a few ideas that can help you build an audience, even if you’re not sure where to start, as you’ll find that publishing a website is not enough to build enough collateral moving forward. You’ll need to focus on several elements overall.
Set Up Social Media Links
This may seem like something that is too easy, but you will be surprised as to how many people ignore this. You want to get a lot of traffic coming to your page, and you will need to have more than just content on one site to get you through the rush of interest in what you’re doing. Leverage this by having links to social media sites that are going to allow you to gain a foothold in what you want overall. Focusing on the right elements of social media will help, but only if you use it to your advantage. Don’t just sign up for these sites and start to throw your link to whomever you want. Take your time, build on it slowly and focus on the right parameters that are going to give you credence moving forward. Setting up social media links is not going to be just putting the code on your page and forgetting about it. You’ll need to find time to interact with the audience that you want to make and befriend others that are interested in what you’re doing, otherwise you aren’t going to get very far within the pages of this type of marketing.
Publish Tutorials (Video Marketing)
Another way to get more interest in your site and perhaps a flood of traffic is to publish tutorials online. You have an expertise that you need to work with, and that’s something that you shouldn’t take for granted. It’s easy to lose sight of this in favor of other content marketing types. You want to make sure that your videos are informing the general public as to how to do what you do or highlight how difficult it may be. Tutorials are among the most watched video types on the web today. You’re going to find that it can create a huge jump in media and in the end, could help you build on a lot of different areas of expertise for others. Publishing tutorials will not only give you an interesting outlet to speak your mind, but it will help you build links and get traffic. Just remember, the number one site online today is a video sharing site.
Publish Content Often
No matter where you’re going to publish content, make sure that you do it a lot. Take time to set up a schedule and start putting as much effort into creating leverage as you can. If you’re publishing content on a regular basis, you’re going to see great results overall. Just remember, this is not something that you should take for granted or end up losing focus on. Keep pushing towards more content and diversify your reach over time. Doing so will pay off dividends and you’ll gain serious leverage overall. Just remember, this is not something that you want to lose sight on.
At the end of the day, this may all seem simple enough, but if you aren’t really keen on working within the parameters of all these things, then it’s time to work on marketing through the lens of a professional.